Focus areas


Consulting in turnkey security solutions

In partnership with leading industry we provide high quality smart end-to-end security solutions and intelligent applications (including Artificial Intelligence and drone ecosystem), and SaaS/PaaS/IaaS services at affordable prices.


Applied Research & Innovation

Our design bureau is involved in leading-edge R&D projects and public-private partnerships catalyzing innovative new security and public safety technologies together with international research community, and knowledge transfer activities.

Public Safety

Situational awareness in

Digital Age

Drones for Good

Saving lives

SAR, Mapping, Humanitarian aid delivery


Self-quantification for

Digital health interventions

Tailored Training

Adaptive learning

Raising knowledge of modern security solutions, Hands-on practical courses, Standards

Mobirise Mobirise

Best Cost-efficient COTS Solutions
(contact us for more information)

KEY WORDS: Scalability, geoinformatics, all-weather, secure mobile communications, autonomous systems, drones, UTM, cybersecurity, smart video analytics, AR/VR/MR/RR/XR based training, VBS3 simulator, CBRNE, critical infrastructure protection, Cloud, HCI, HMT, Artificial Intelligence, ML/DL/BD

Modern Technologies

Example: Scalable rapidly deployable intelligent integrated C2-drone solution for LEAs, first responders and defence incl. flying wing, rotary-wing and fixed-wing configurations


Value your time: You can't own it, but you can use it.
Reverse the problem.


Don’t be busy, be productive.

“It’s not artificial intelligence I’m worried about, it’s human stupidity.” –Neil Jacobstein

Sense and Simplicity

"The important thing is not to stop questioning. Curiosity has its own reason for existing."—Albert Einstein

EU-funded Horizon 2020 project SAFETY4RAIL

EU-funded Horizon 2020 project SAFETY4RAIL (2020-2022)

The SAFETY4RAILS project delivers methods and systems to increase the safety and recovery of track-based inter-city railway and intra-city metro transportation. It addresses both cyber-only attacks (such as impact from WannaCry infections), physical-only attacks (such as the Madrid commuter trains bombing in 2014) and combined cyber-physical attacks to IoT infrastructure.

EU-funded Horizon 2020 project I-LEAD

EU-funded Horizon 2020 project I-LEAD (2017-2022)

1) Conducts smart monitoring of relevant research and innovation projects and technology watching, and scanning of pipe-line technology including also other security domains (defence, intelligence).
2) Provides assessment, selection and routing of promising technologies to LEAs in the Member States,
3) Identifies, categorizes and prioritizes capability gaps, the current situation regarding the baseline capabilities and the use of technology in the respective law enforcement practitioner groups.

EU-funded Horizon 2020 project ANYWHERE

EU-funded Horizon 2020 project ANYWHERE

EnhANcing emergencY management and response to extreme WeatHER and climate Events
Development of a Pan-European multi-hazard platform providing a better identification of the expected weather-induced impacts and their location in time and space before they occur.

EU-funded Horizon 2020 project ENCIRCLE

EU-funded Horizon 2020 project ENCIRCLE

1) To create a roadmap for the development of the European CBRN market and innovations 2) To provide integration with platforms (tools, systems, services, products) by proposing standardized CBRNE interfaces and future EU standards.

EU-funded Horizon 2020 project eNotice

EU-funded Horizon 2020 project eNOTICE

European Network Of CBRN TraIning CEnters
To establish a European network of CBRN training, testing and demonstration centres aiming for improved preparedness and incident response through increased collaboration between CBRN training centres and practitioners’ needs-driven CBRN innovation and research.

World Bank

The State of Civil Protection in The World: Typologies, Good Practices & Economic returns (2017-2018)

The World Bank/GFDRR launched a global study on the “State of Civil
Protection in the World: Typologies, Good Practices and Economic Returns”. The study was in two main parts: 
1) An analysis of the institutional diversity of civil protection systems and practices, 
2) Deep-dive case studies in selected 16 countries to identify lessons-learnt and good
international practices

EU-funded Horizon 2020 project TARGET

EU-funded Horizon 2020 project TARGET (2015-2018)

Training Augmented Reality Generalised Environment Toolkit for counterterrorism units, border guards and first responders

EU-funded FP7 project Driver+

EU-funded FP7 project Driver+ (2014-2020)

DRiving InnoVation in crisis management for European Resilience
1) Development of a pan-European Test-bed for crisis management capability, and 2) Development of a portfolio of crisis management solutions

EU-funded Horizon 2020 project NO-FEAR

EU-funded Horizon 2020 project NO-FEAR (2018-2023)

Network Of practitioners For Emergency medicAl systems and cRitical care
CSA project bringing together pan-European medical care practitioners, decision and policy makers to share knowledge.

EU-funded Horizon 2020 project PROACTIVE

EU-funded Horizon 2020 project PROACTIVE

PReparedness against CBRNE threats through cOmmon Approaches between security praCTItioners and the VulnerablE civil society
1) Better harmonisation of procedures between various categories of practitioners, 2) Better understanding of the needs of vulnerable citizen groups

In-house R&D (2019-ongoing)

Studying technologies and techniques for fusion of biohacking information for mind-driven drone management

In-house R&D (2020-ongoing)

Study of modern human-computer interaction techniques and human-machine teaming: The State-of-the-Art, AI and Trends

In-house R&D (2019-ongoing)

Development of proof-of-concept: 3D DRone Enabled test bed And Mixed reality learning for Emergency and Rescue management

In-house R&D

Technology transition in post-Covid-19, novel solutions for security systems and crowdsourcing monitoring 

Estonian Academy of Security Sciences

Driver+'s Centre of Expertise

The Estonian Academy of Security Sciences is the state institution, providing professional education for civil servants belonging in the area of government under the Estonian Ministry of the Interior: rescue, police and border guard, correction, and taxation and customs.

Our business development strategy relies on close industry-university partnership for innovation.

Tallinn University of Technology

Creator of digital innovations

Tallinn University of Technology is the only flagship in engineering and IT science and education in Estonia, providing higher education at all levels in information technology, engineering, technology, economics, science and maritime.

Our main shared resources

(not limited to)




Training C2 commander






Computer Assisted Learning (CAL), XVR platform




Microsoft Visual Studio IDE
Photogrammetry software suite for drone mapping
Learn about Artificial Intelligence, Deep Learning, Machine Learning and more
Cybersecurity and Cisco Networking Academy



Human-Machine Teaming in 21st Century Drone Era: The State-of-the-Art, Artificial Intelligence and Trends

AUTHOR: Andre Samberg (Professor of Practice, Dr.)
SHORT ABSTRACT: We look into Human-Machine Teaming and answer the following questions from the point of view of Internet of Drone Things for public security and safety: 1) WHERE do the actions take place, 2) WHO are the actors, and 3) WHAT are the core technologies today? There is an increasing number of different unmanned systems and drones in the modern world. Internet of Things is transforming also. Internet of Drone Things becomes a reality although it is not yet well defined and missing the legal rules of operation in public places. From the point of view of public security and safety, Internet of Drone Things is likely to become a dominant presence in warfare in 20 years from now. As the integration of autonomous systems in everyday life increases the complexity of human-machine/human-computer interaction, meaningful interaction and collaboration between humans and agents becomes a pressing problem. The question arises HOW autonomous systems can SUPPORT INTERACTION with humans in a way THAT ultimately ALLOWS HUMANS TO STAY IN CONTROL.
ACCEPTED PAPER: 1 June 2020, in print


A Proof-of-Concept of Light-weight Smart Cone for Explosive Ordnance Mitigation in Non-permissive Operating Environment

AUTHORS: Andre Samberg (Professor of Practice, Dr., i4-Flame) and Yevhen Stetsiuk (Lt.Col. (civil protection), Ph.D., National University of Civil Protection of Ukraine)
ABSTRACT: The prolonged armed conflict in Eastern Ukraine since 2014 has generated the increasing public safety concern about
landmines, abandoned unexploded ordnance (UXO) and small-size explosive remnants of war, which are spreading
around the region of a conflict. Such ordnance can be used for making the improvised explosive devices (IED) as well.
The background studies have identified the following key obstacles which make UXO demining and cleaning in that
region challenging: an absence of government-endorsed national technical standards against which demining activity can
be measured in crowded areas and non-permissive operating environment (i.e. public transport hubs and metro), and not
enough human and technical capacity. Demining is carried out often using different techniques and outdated equipment.
During the applied research project, the available open source international best practices and the UXO risk assessment
methods were reviewed and assessed, firstly. Secondly, a new demining methodology was developed for improving the
existing standard operating procedures of the bomb disposal units of the State Emergency Service of Ukraine (SESU).
Thirdly, a proof-of-concept was designed for field trials. A prototype of a light-weight smart steel cone was constructed
which can cover small-size UXO in critical infrastructures like metro without using heavy commercial explosive
ordinance disposal robots and causing a minimum impact to environment and ecology. Live field testing was conducted.
Finally, based on the successful trials, the recommendations for the standard operating procedures (SOP) of the bomb
disposal units of the SESU were produced. For example, this cone can be stored in metro station and easily transported
by a security guard, who covers abandoned UXO. If an object goes off before the bomb squad arrives on site, then this
device can efficiently protect the crowed area and environment from the bomb fragments. This new demining equipment
was granted a patent.
Paper (pdf)


A Framework of Human-Machine Teaming in Defence: The State-of-the-Art, Artificial Intelligence, Cybersecurity and Trends

AUTHOR: Andre Samberg (Professor of Practice, Dr.)
SHORT ABSTRACT: We review the state-of-the art of human-machine teaming starting from SCADA/HMI type for power stations to mind-driven human-computer interaction for drones. The review starts with the definition of the key terminology. It is followed by the review of core technologies such as the Internet (IP based network communication), 3D battlespace visualization, virtual simulation (VR, AR, MX, XR) and Artificial Intelligence. Of course, we cannot underestimate and overcome the fact of military drone revolution (UAV, UUV, UGV, autonomous weapons). AI-based drones become available: from single AI (on chip) to AI Everywhere. A proposed framework of military Internet of Drone Things is presented.
ACCEPTED PAPER: 30 May 2020, in print


Fusion of Biohacking Information and Human-Computer Interaction Interface in Internet of Drone Things

Online Secure Society European Info Day, S4seren, 12 May 2020 (4 slides)
AUTHOR: Andre Samberg (Professor of Practice, Dr.)


A Preliminary Comparative Study on the COVID-19 Decision Making Processin the EU Member States as of 27 April 2020

AUTHOR: Andre Samberg (Professor of Practice, Dr.)
Online presentation, Workshop "Covid-19", EU-funded project PROACTIVE, 30 April 2020 (7 slides)


HOME ALONG -virtuaalitreenit Covid-19 -poikkeusoloissa (The program of virtual athletic training during the Covid-19 outbreak)

AUTHORS: Andre Samberg (Professor of Practice, Dr., i4-Flame) and Eeva Victoria Samberg (athlet, Helsingin Kisaveikot HKV, Finland)
Published online: 03 April 2020


A Transformation of Human-Machine Teaming of the Internet of Battle Things to Mixed Reality of the AI Battle Things

AUTHOR: Andre Samberg (Professor of Practice, Dr.)
AFCEA Europe Workshop “The New Age of Computing – How will it change Command and Control”, Session III: Security challenges within Artificial Intelligence, Brussels, Belgium, 27 February 2020 (26 slides)

  • Introducing the TIEMS Qualifications in International Emergency Management and Disaster Management Certification - Operations and Good Practice - ICPEM Special Interest Group Newsletter, issue 3, December 2019
  • Public Safety Communications system for Critical Infrastructure Protection and rapid Disaster Responce - a part of EU Civil Protection Exercise ModEX 14-18 October 2018 in Buchapest, Romania - exercise
  • COTS UAV-BORNE MULTISPECTRAL SYSTEM FOR VEGETATION MONITORING -In SPIE Proceedings Volume 10783, Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XX, SPIE REMOTE SENSING 2018 SYMPOSIUM IN EUROPE, BERLIN, GERMANY, 12 September 2018. Read paper here
  • INCREASING TACTICAL SITUATIONAL AWARENESS BY MEAN OF OPEN-SOURCE MULTIPURPOSE INTEGRATED UAS-C2 SYSTEM - In SPIE Proceedings Volume 10799, Emerging Imaging and Sensing Technologies for Security and Defence III; and Unmanned Sensors, Systems, and Countermeasures, SPIE DEFENSE AND SECURITY 2018 SYMPOSIUM IN EUROPE, BERLIN, GERMANY, 11 September 2018. Read paper here


9-11 December 2020
Utrecht, The Netherland

The IEEE 3rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence & Virtual Reality

The staff of i4-Flame is a member of the program committee.

21-24 September 2020
Edinburgh, United Kingdom

SPIE Security & Defence Symposium in Europe,
Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Defense Applications

The staff of i4-Flame is a member of the program committee.

21-24 September 2020
Edinburgh, United Kingdom

SPIE Security & Defence Symposium in Europe,
Conference on Counterterrorism, Crime Fighting, Forensics, and Surveillance Technologies

The staff of i4-Flame is a member of the program committee.

27 April - 8 May 2020
Online only, California, United States

SPIE Defense + Commercial Sensing Symposium,
Conference on Sensors and Systems for Space Applications XIII

The staff of i4-Flame is a member of the program committee.

i4-Flame OÜ (LLC) in the nutshell

100 % private startup SME.
The HQ is in Estonia. Multinational team: Estonia, Finland, UAE, Ukraine.
Established on 14th of January 2018.
Our CEO is the regular expert and evaluator of the European Commission in the security domain.

Business ID: 14336264.
European Commission PIC: 908894172.

Member of The European Cyber Security Organisation (ECSO).

Meet Us

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